Skip to content

Configuration

Here we will look at how Centrifugo can be configured.

Configuration ways

Centrifugo can be configured in several ways:

  • over command-line flags, see centrifugo -h for available flags, command-line flags limited to most frequently used
  • over configuration file, configuration file supports all options mentioned in this documentation
  • over OS environment variables, all Centrifugo options can be set over env in format CENTRIFUGO_<OPTION_NAME>

The basic way to start with Centrifugo is run centrifugo genconfig command which will generate config.json configuration file with some options (in a current directory), so you can then run Centrifugo:

centrifugo -c config.json

Below while describing configuration file format we will look at the meaning of the required options.

Config file formats

Centrifugo supports different configuration file formats.

JSON config format

Centrifugo requires configuration file on start. As was mentioned earlier it must be a file with valid JSON.

This is a minimal Centrifugo configuration file:

{
  "v3_use_offset": true,
  "token_hmac_secret_key": "<YOUR-SECRET-STRING-HERE>",
  "api_key": "<YOUR-API-KEY-HERE>",
}

The only two fields required are token_hmac_secret_key and api_key. token_hmac_secret_key used to check JWT signature (more about JWT in authentication chapter). API key used for Centrifugo API endpoint authorization, see more in chapter about server HTTP API. Keep both values in secret and never reveal to clients.

The option v3_use_offset turns on using latest client-server protocol offset field (will be used by default in Centrifugo v3 so better to use it from start).

TOML config format

Centrifugo also supports TOML format for configuration file:

centrifugo --config=config.toml

Where config.toml contains:

v3_use_offset = true
token_hmac_secret_key = "<YOUR-SECRET-STRING-HERE>"
api_key = "<YOUR-API-KEY-HERE>"
log_level = "debug"

I.e. the same configuration as JSON file above with one extra option to define logging level.

YAML config format

YAML config also supported. config.yaml:

v3_use_offset: true
token_hmac_secret_key: "<YOUR-SECRET-STRING-HERE>"
api_key: "<YOUR-API-KEY-HERE>"
log_level: debug

With YAML remember to use spaces, not tabs when writing configuration file.

Important options

Some of the most important options you can configure when running Centrifugo:

  • address – bind your Centrifugo to specific interface address (by default "")
  • port – port to bind Centrifugo to (by default 8000)
  • engine – engine to use - memory or redis (by default memory). Read more about engines in special chapter.

Note that some options can be set via command-line. Command-line options are more valuable when set than configuration file's options. See description of viper – to see more details about configuration options priority.

Advanced options

Centrifugo has some options for which default values make sense for most applications. In many case you don't need (and you really should not) change them. This chapter is about such options.

client_channel_limit

Default: 128

Sets maximum number of different channel subscriptions single client can have.

channel_max_length

Default: 255

Sets maximum length of channel name.

client_user_connection_limit

Default: 0

Maximum number of connections from user (with known user ID) to Centrifugo node. By default, unlimited.

The important thing to emphasize is that client_user_connection_limit works only per one Centrifugo node and exists mostly to protect Centrifugo from many connections from a single user – but not for business logic limitations. This means that if you will scale nodes – say run 10 Centrifugo nodes – then a user will be able to create 10 connections (one to each node).

client_request_max_size

Default: 65536

Maximum allowed size of request from client in bytes.

client_queue_max_size

Default: 10485760

Maximum client message queue size in bytes to close slow reader connections. By default - 10mb.

client_anonymous

Default: false

Enable mode when all clients can connect to Centrifugo without JWT connection token. In this case all connections without token will be treated as anonymous (i.e. with empty user ID) and only can subscribe to channels with anonymous option enabled.

sockjs_heartbeat_delay

Default: 25

Interval in seconds how often to send SockJS h-frames to client.

websocket_compression

Default: false

Enable websocket compression, see chapter about websocket transport for more details.

gomaxprocs

Default: 0

By default, Centrifugo runs on all available CPU cores. If you want to limit amount of cores Centrifugo can utilize in one moment use this option.

Advanced endpoint configuration.

After you started Centrifugo you have several endpoints available. As soon as you have not provided any extra options you have 3 endpoints by default.

Default endpoints.

The main endpoint is raw Websocket endpoint to serve client connections that use pure Websocket protocol:

ws://localhost:8000/connection/websocket

Then there is SockJS endpoint - it's needed to serve client connections that use SockJS library:

http://localhost:8000/connection/sockjs

And finally you have API endpoint to publish messages to channels (and execute other available API commands):

http://localhost:8000/api

By default, all endpoints work on port 8000. You can change it using port option:

{
    "port": 9000
}

In production setup you will have your domain name in endpoint addresses above instead of localhost. Also if your Centrifugo will be behind proxy or load balancer software you most probably won't have ports in your endpoint addresses. What will always be the same as shown above are URL paths: /connection/sockjs, /connection/websocket, /api.

Let's look at possibilities to tweak available endpoints.

Admin endpoints.

First is enabling admin endpoints:

{
    ...
    "admin": true,
    "admin_password": "password",
    "admin_secret": "secret"
}

This makes the following endpoint available: http://localhost:8000

At this address you will see admin web interface. You can log into it using admin_password value shown above.

Debug endpoints.

Next, when Centrifugo started in debug mode some extra debug endpoints become available. To start in debug mode add debug option to config:

{
    ...
    "debug": true
}

And endpoint:

http://localhost:8000/debug/pprof/

– will show you useful info about internal state of Centrifugo instance. This info is especially helpful when troubleshooting. See wiki page for more info.

Health check endpoint

New in v2.1.0

Use health boolean option (by default false) to enable healthcheck endpoint which will be available on path /health. Also available over command-line flag:

./centrifugo -c config.json --health

Custom internal ports

We strongly recommend to not expose API, admin, debug and prometheus endpoints to Internet. The following Centrifugo endpoints are considered internal:

  • API endpoint (/api) - for HTTP API requests
  • Admin web interface endpoints (/, /admin/auth, /admin/api) - used by web interface
  • Prometheus endpoint (/metrics) - used for exposing server metrics in Prometheus format
  • Health check endpoint (/health) - used to do health checks
  • Debug endpoints (/debug/pprof) - used to inspect internal server state

It's a good practice to protect those endpoints with firewall. For example, you can do this in location section of Nginx configuration.

Though sometimes you don't have access to per-location configuration in your proxy/load balancer software. For example when using Amazon ELB. In this case you can change ports on which your internal endpoints work.

To run internal endpoints on custom port use internal_port option:

{
    ...
    "internal_port": 9000
}

So admin web interface will work on address:

http://localhost:9000

Also debug page will be available on new custom port too:

http://localhost:9000/debug/pprof/

The same for API and prometheus endpoint.

Disable default endpoints

These options available since v2.4.0

To disable websocket endpoint set websocket_disable boolean option to true.

To disable SockJS endpoint set sockjs_disable boolean option to true.

To disable API endpoint set api_disable boolean option to true.

Customize handler endpoints

Starting from Centrifugo v2.2.5 it's possible to customize server HTTP handler endpoints. To do this Centrifugo supports several options:

  • admin_handler_prefix (default "") - to control Admin panel URL prefix
  • websocket_handler_prefix (default "/connection/websocket") - to control WebSocket URL prefix
  • sockjs_handler_prefix (default "/connection/sockjs") - to control SockJS URL prefix
  • api_handler_prefix (default "/api") - to control HTTP API URL prefix
  • prometheus_handler_prefix (default "/metrics") - to control Prometheus URL prefix
  • health_handler_prefix (default "/health") - to control health check URL prefix

Signal handling

You can send HUP signal to Centrifugo to reload a configuration:

kill -HUP <PID>

Though at moment this will only reload token secrets and channel options (top-level and namespaces).

Centrifugo tries to gracefully shutdown client connections when SIGINT or SIGTERM signals received. By default, maximum graceful shutdown period is 30 seconds but can be changed using shutdown_timeout (integer, in seconds) configuration option.